A.J. Bell (1856-1932)
Andrew James Bell was born on 12 May 1856 to George Bell and Jessie Fleming. He had, at least, four younger siblings, Robert Fleming, George Walter, Isabella Anne, and Alexander.
In 1878, he received a B.A. from University College, University of Toronto. He taught for three years at St. Thomas Collegiate before becoming a Latin instructor at Victoria College in Cobourg, Ontario. He took a leave of absence from Victoria College in order to obtain his Doctorate at the University of Breslau, in Germany. He returned to Victoria College (with the new name of Victoria University) in 1889, just a few years before it would join with the University of Toronto and move location. He taught there from 1881-1921.
In 1900, A.J. would take a cross-appointed position at the University of Toronto, as a Professor of Comparative Philology and he continued to teach there until 1922.
A.J. was married twice. First to Martha Whitwam on 9 August 1882 (who died sometime before the 1901 Census was taken), and next, to Martha Anne Sneath on 22 April 1903. The 1921 Census, shows A.J. and second wife, Martha, had one son George, born in 1921. A.J. would have been 64, and Martha 57, at the time of his birth. This seems unlikely, but at this time no other record has been found to prove or disprove young George's heritage.
Alongside academia, A.J. was well known for his extensive book collection. His personal library consisted of 30,000 volumes of books, many of them quite rare, which was bequeathed to the Victoria College Library after his death, in 1932. Ten rooms in his house, at 17 Avenue Road, Toronto, were overflowing with books. Victoria College rented the house to begin organizing the collection in May 1933. Douglas Bush, one of Bell's students, claimed in Bell's house, one had “to thread one's way dextrously over floors almost covered with tall piles of books which frequently tottered, but by a miracle never fell”.
The books were sorted and about 7,000 were set aside as exceptional and rare, including the acclaimed Erasmus Collection, now housed at the E.J. Pratt Library, Victoria University Campus, in Toronto. The other 23,000 books went into the Victoria University Library basement and remained there for thirty years. Around 1966, the books were sorted, the rare ones put aside and the remainder were sold in an auction in 1969. University of Prince Edward Island has a number of A.J.'s books, including Florence Attenborough's Cameos and other Poems which he likely received from the 1912 Sotheby auction, of Andrew Lang's book collection.
Andrew James Bell died on 24 December 1932 as a result of bronchio-pneumonia complicated by influenza. He is buried in Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Toronto, Ontario.
1861 Census of Canada. Library and Archives Canada; Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Census Returns For 1861; Roll: C-1012-1013
1871 Census of Canada. Census Place: Nepean, Carleton, Ontario; Roll: C-10015; Page: 5; Family No: 17
1901 Census of Canada. Census Place: Toronto (City/Cité) Ward/Quartier No 3, York (east/est), Ontario; Page: 16; Family No: 168
1911 Census of Canada. Census Place: 31 - Ward three, Toronto North, Ontario; Page: 10; Family No: 109
Ontario Registration of Death. Archives of Ontario; Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Series: MS935; Reel: 436
Ontario Registration of Marriage. Archives of Ontario; Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Registrations of Marriages, 1869-1928
Pfaff, Larry. “Andrew James Bell: A Great Toronto Book-Collector”. Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada 15, no.1 (1976):49-60.
Photo, with kind permission, from Victoria University Archives, Toronto Ontario.
Catalogue number: 1991_161
Title: Dr. A.J. Bell