Handbook of obstetric nursing for nurses, students and mothers: Comprising the course of instruction in obstetric nursing given - E. C. MacInnes

E. C. MacInnes


E.C. MacInnes (1882-1952)

Emeline Catherine Moore MacInnes, born 24 June 1882, was the daughter of Allan MacInnes (1841-1913) & Mary Ann Ross (1850-1935), Prince Edward Island. Both of her parents spoke Gaelic and sang in the Presbyterian Belfast (PEI) church choir in both the English and Gaelic services

Emeline had three older siblings: Donald A. MacInnes (1872-1930), Christina Ross MacInnes Munroe (1877-1931), Jean Kinlock MacInnes (1880-1965), and two younger siblings: Mabel MacInnes MacEachern (1885-1953), William Henry MacInnes (1890-1970).

Emeline, who preferred to be called Emily or Em, went to school at Prince of Wales College and Normal School to become a teacher, receiving her third class teacher's license in 1898. At some point she had a change of heart and decided to become a nurse.

In 1908 Emily moved to Boston and began studying as a nurse at the Women’s Charity Club Hospital. The W.C.C. was “a hospital for destitute women” (Verbrugge 92) on Parker Hill Avenue in Roxbury (Boston) Massachusetts. The 1910 U.S. Federal Census confirms that Emily had moved to the United States in 1908 and was working at the Hospital in 1910, the year she graduated.

The UPEI book, A Handbook of Obstetric Nursing for Nurses, Students and Mother, by Anna M. Fullerton, M.D., published in 1904, was signed by Emily:

E.C. MacInnes
W.C.C. Hosp.

After her time working in the hospital Emily worked as a private nurse for wealthy families in the Boston area. According to the 1916 city directory, Emily was still working as a nurse, living at 11 William Street, Somerville MA. Living with her were her sisters Christina and Jean, also nurses.

In 1918 Emily returned to Prince Edward Island and married (James) Franklin Halliday on 12 December 1918.

In the 1921 Census of Canada, James and Emeline, were living in Eldon PEI with their daughter Jean (7 months old) and James’ widowed mother, Annie Haleday, age 75.

Emily and Frank had three children: Jean Rowan Halliday MacKay, Alice May Halliday Brundage, and James Franklin Halleday, Jr.

Jean Rowan Halliday was born on 10 October 1920. She was baptised in the Presbyterian Church in Belfast on 24 April 1921. She went to Prince of Wales College to become a teacher and continued her education at Mt. Allison, receiving a B.Sc in Home Economics in 1950. Following her time at Mt. Allison she took a job as an assistant dietitian at the sanatorium in Charlottetown. Later she taught home economics at a high school in Sackville, New Brunswick, followed by a job in Alberta with the Department of Agriculture (home economics extension service). PEI eventually called her home and after receiving her PhD she became a home economics professor at the University of Prince Edward Island. In 1964 she married Wendell MacKay of Stanley Bridge PEI. They had two children, Kenneth and Flora. Jean wrote a book about growing up in Eldon PEI, called “The Home Place: Life in Rural Prince Edward Island in the 1920s and 30s.” It was Jean who donated her mother's nursing book to the Robertson Library. Dr. Jean MacKay died in 2004.

Alice May Halliday born on 5 May 1922. Alice followed in her mother’s footsteps and became a nurse. She moved to the U.S. and entered the U.S. Army Nurse Corp. on 20 December 1944, becoming a 2nd Lieutenant in the Corp. She later married Thomas Brundage, had three children (Thomas, Alan and Donna Jean), and died on 25 July 1996 in New Jersey.

James Franklin Halliday Jr, known locally as Jimmy Halliday, was born in 1924. He was a noted Prince Edward Island fiddler and died in 2009. You can read about his musical legacy on the site Bowing Down Home.

Emily was very involved in her community. She was part of the local Women's Institute and the Missionary Society, and she used her nursing skills to help her friends and neighbours.

Emily’s husband, Frank, died on 25 February 1945. Seven years later, after suffering with alzheimer's disease, Emily died on 20 December 1952. She is buried in Saint John’s Presbyterian Cemetery in Belfast PEI. Her obituary, from the Charlottetown Guardian (23 January 1953, p.8) reads:

In Memoriam- Mrs. J.F. Halliday
On December 20th, Mrs. J.F. Halliday of Eldon entered into eternal rest in her 71st year. The late Mrs. Halliday was formerly Emeline Catherine Moore MacInnes, daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Allen MacInnes of Rosebery, P.E.I. She obtained her teacher’s license in Prince of Wales College and Normal School, Charlottetown. Instead of teaching school she went to the U.S.A. and chose nursing as her profession. She trained in the Women’s Charity Club Hospital, Roxbury, Mass., graduated in 1910, and practised nursing until 1918, when she returned to P.E.I. to marry Frank Halliday, Eldon, who predeceased her in 1945.

Until the onset of her illness several years ago, Mrs. Halliday’s life was one of full and happy service, firstly in her home, where she was a devoted and exemplary wife and mother, and secondly in her church and community, where she actively supported every worthwhile effort. She will be remembered as a good neighbor, especially in times of illness and sorrow, and as a sincere friend. With her warm personality and kindly ways she was well beloved. It might truly be said of her that she loved her fellowman, and that she did unto others as she would that they should do to her. She lived her Christian principles in her daily life.

Left to cherish and revere her memory are three children: Jean, teaching in Sackville, N.B., Alice, Mrs. T.H. Brundage, Jr., New York City, and James, on the homestead; two sisters, Jean, and Mable (Mrs. MacEachern), and one brother, William, all of Rosebery, P.E.I. Also surviving are three grandchildren, Thomas, Alan, and Donna Jean Brundage.

The funeral service, held in St. John’s Presbyterian Chruch, Belfast, on December 22nd, was conducted by a former pastor of Eldon United Church and friend of the family. Rev. W.B. MacPhail assisted by Rev. John MacKay. Hymns sung were favorites of the late Mrs. Halliday: “The Lord’s My Shepherd,” “O Master Let Me Walk With Thee,” “By Cool Siloam’s Shady Rill.” Pall-bearers were: Roberts West, Herbert Worth, Justin Van Iderstine, Stewart MacWilliams, David Ross, John Ross. Interment was in Belfast cemetery.

Floral tributes were:
Pillow- Jean, Alice, and James [children]
Spray- Jean, Mabel, and Willie [surviving siblings]
Spray- Alene and Stafford
Spray- The Grandchildren
Spray- Tom and Mrs. T. H. Brundage, Sr.
Spray- Christine and John McGarry
Spray- Frances and Dennis Neal
Spray- Eldon Women’s Institute
“Well done, though good and faithful servant… enter though into the joy of the Lord.”


1901 Census of Canada. Census Place: Lot (Township/Canton) 58, Queen's (East/est), Prince Edward Island; Page: 2; Family No: 14

1910 United States Federal Census. Census Place: Boston Ward 19, Suffolk, Massachusetts; Roll: T624_622; Page: 22B; Enumeration District: 1556; FHL microfilm: 1374635

1916 Somerville Massachusetts City Directory, p.581. Boston: W.A. Greenough & Co., 1916.

1919 Somerville Massachusetts City Directory, p.567. Boston: W.A. Greenough & Co., 1919.

1921 Census of Canada. Reference Number: RG 31; Folder Number: 105; Census Place: 105, Queens, Prince Edward Island; Page Number: 9

Birth Record for Jean Rowan Halliday. PARO: Record Book No.1, page 110.

Death Record for Emeline Catherine Halliday. PARO: RG19/s2/ss6: Death registration books, 1952. Entry No.1864. 3

Death Record for James Franklin Halliday. PARO: RG19/s2/ss6: Death registration books, 1945. Entry No. 368.

“Descendants of John Kinloch MacDonald and Margaret Nicholson or MacDonald”. Island Register

Find-a-Grave. James Franklin “Jimmy” Halliday. Accessed 30 June 2020.

Fullerton, Anna M., M.D., A Handbook of Obstetric Nursing for Nurses, Students and Mother, Philadelphia: P. Blackston’s Son & Co., 1904.

“Happenings.” The Guardian. Charlottetown. 15 September 1964, p.6.

Jean MacKay Collection.

“In Memoriam- Mrs. J.F. Halliday” Charlottetown Guardian 23 January 1953, p.8. Accessed 30 June 2020.

“Left for Alberta.” The Guardian, 18 August 1955, p.2.

MacKay, Jean Halliday. “The Home Place: Life in Rural Prince Edward Island in the 1920s and 30s.” Fredericton, NB: Goose Lane Editions, 2000. Robertson Library Stacks, FC2618.M34 2000.

Marriage Record for Emmeline McInnis and Franklin Halliday. PARO: RG19, Series3, Subseries4: Marriage Licenses, 1918.

Obituary of Jean Halliday MacKay. Globe and Mail 16 February 2004.

U.S. Naturalization for Alice May Halliday. Petitions and Records of Naturalization , 8/1845 - 12/1911; NAI Number: 3000057; Record Group Title: Records of District Courts of the United States, 1685-2009; Record Group Number: RG 21

Verbrugge, Martha H. “Able-Bodied Womanhood: Personal Health and Social Change in Nineteenth-Century Boston.” Oxford University Press, 21 January 1988, page 92. Viewed June 12, 2020.

Photo from “The Home Place: Life in Rural Prince Edward Island in the 1920s and 30s,” by Jean Halliday MacKay.

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