On On the probable fall in the value of gold - John Smalley

John Smalley

Biography

John Smalley (1843-1915)

John Smalley was born in Salford, Lancashire, England around the year 1843, hist father was Jacob Smalley. At the age of eighteen, John was working as a general mill mechanic and lodging with William and Ann Ingham in Lancashire.

On 6 Oct 1869, in Accrington, Lancashire, John married Martha Rawcliffe. They had six children together, three sons: Harold, Robert, and Arthur, and three daughters: Mary, Ellen, and Hannah.

John moved from a general mill mechanic into a cotton spinner. He would become involved with Grove Mill where he and business partner Samuel Sykes, employed around three hundred people for cotton spinning and weaving. They traded under the name John Smalley, Sykes & Co. On 23 June 1863, John Smalley, Sykes & Co. was dissolved after Samuel’s passing but John would continue on the cotton spinning business with his father, Jacob. Unfortunately, in September 1875, a fire destroyed equipment, buildings and spinning facilities in Grove Mills, which forced many workers and their families to find work elsewhere.

After a few years of cotton spinning, John would move into the corrugated paper making business. HE would continue working with corrugated paper for the rest of his working days.

On 31 October 1915, John Smalley passed away in Lancashire, England. He would leave £1526 2s. 6d. to sons Robert and Arthur.

UPEI’s Provenance Collection has the book, On the probable fall in the value of gold: the commercial and social consequences which may ensue, and the measures which it invites, by Michel Chevalier which was signed with “John Smalley 1866”. Also between the pages of 120 and 121, a note can be found that lists titles sent to Mr. Entwistle from John.

“Lent Mr. Entwistle May 1885.
Jacob Precious Metals 2 vols
Dil Mars do 1 vol
Chevaliers. Probable fall in the value of Gold. 1 vol
Goschins Foreign Exchanges
Summer’s History of American Currency.
I send this last because it contains the infamous “Bulletin Report” to which in its original shape very few people have access and Sumner’s book is all but unknown in this country.
JSmalley”




Sources:

Census Returns of England and Wales, 1861. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), 1861. Data imaged from The National Archives, London, England.

Lancashire Anglican Parish Registers. Preston, England: Lancashire Archives.

Census Returns of England and Wales, 1871. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), 1871. Data imaged from the National Archives, London, England. The National Archives gives no warranty as to the accuracy, completeness or fitness for the purpose of the information provided. Images may be used only for purposes of research, private study or education. Applications for any other use should be made to the National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU.

Census Returns of England and Wales, 1881. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), 1881.

Census Returns of England and Wales, 1891. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), 1891.

Census Returns of England and Wales, 1901. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives, 1901. Data imaged from the National Archives, London, England.

Census Returns of England and Wales, 1911. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA), 1911.

Principal Probate Registry. Calendar of the Grants of Probate and Letters of Administration made in the Probate Registries of the High Court of Justice in England. London, England © Crown copyright.

Bygone Times. About us. 2019. Retrieved from https://bygonetimes.co.uk/about-us/

Carberry, S., & Johnson, N. (2012). Haunted Wigan. Stroud: History.

Estell and Co. 1873. The Manchester Commercial List 1873-1874. London. p.37.

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